Tag Archive | ELNM

ELNM Topic 15: The Proprietary World: The WIPO Intellectual Property model

To Do

  • Study the Anglo-American and Continental European school of IP. Write a short comparative analysis to your blog (if you have clear preference for one over another, explain that, too).

This material is dealt with only in Continental European school of IP. I’m already familiar with it, but there was also new for me. I have not thought about the origin of the word patent, it became clear that it is in Latin patens (public). It was also interesting to find that the smell can be a trade mark and sound marks, scent marks and moving marks can not be protected in Estonia.
It was good to remember that the major specific features of IP are (accoording to the text): Jätka lugemist

ELNM Topic 13: The Author vs the Information Society

 To Do

Against intellectual property

Brian Martin writes in his book „Information Liberation” (chapter 3 “Against intellectual property”: „There is a strong case for opposing intellectual property. Among other things, it often retards innovation and exploits Third World peoples. The alternative to intellectual property is that intellectual products not be owned, as in the case of everyday language“.

Reading his work I started to think more widely than before, although I was also thought the same way.

Below, I outline some of the more interesting ideas for me.  Jätka lugemist

ELNM Topic 8: Ubiquitous Computing

To Do

Write a blogged opinion:

  • For Estonians: compare the current situation in Estonia to the four scenarios of “Estonia 2010”. Which one is the closest to the reality?
  • How important do you deem the social cohesiveness (or caring) in reaching ubicomp?

A development programme “Estonia 2010” was initiated in Estonia to predict and analyse future trends.The four possible scenarios proposed were

  • “Militaristic information oasis” – “little angry country” with good technological progress but little openness and overall freedom. “Military Estonia”.
  • “South Finland” – soft-spoken, well integrated into Europe (and decisively distanced from Russia), but with low innovation capacity. “Subcontractor Estonia”.
  • “The Ferryman” – well-developed, but fully transit-based economy. Innovation and ICT are only to serve the main goal and thus of inferior importance. “Merchant Estonia”, which is quite alike to the ‘Singapore’ scenario of Himanen seen in a previous lecture.
  • “Grand Slam” – the best realisation of both geographical location (transit) and innovative and educational potential. “Innovation/ICT Estonia”.

In my opinion it’s clare that current situation in Estonia does not meet the first and third point. But I a’m afraid that closest to the reality is the “South Finland” – the low-growth scenario, which entails the Nordic countries, similar to the societies of ideology. The reason idakaubanduse and relations of the absence or low level, consequence of the inability of traditional industries and agriculture goods get rid of the co-feature of high unemployment and social problems increase. This scenario means for Estonia, the relatively low-tech and low added-value sectors of the economy, hence the poor by standard of living. At the same time it needs to engage in a much more low-growth conditions, social equalization and regional problems leveling. Residents need to have a satisfactory standard of living, the effort, the more work it is therefore self-development and co-operation in collecting social capital. Maybe it leads Estonia to “Grand Slam” scenario.
I think the social cohesiveness (or caring) in reaching ubicomp is very important.

ELNM Topic 7: The Digital Divide

To Do

  • Investigate and describe (in your blog) an illustrative case of digital divide in your country
  • Analyse and describe (in your blog) Internet availability in your country. How big is the availability difference for urban and rural regions? Do you consider this a problem?

Investigate and describe (in your blog) an illustrative case of digital divide in your country

I think in Estonia there are not digital divides very much. If somebody wants to use digital services and new technologies he/she can do it. We have quite good physical access to internet because most of people have computer or opportunity to use it: richer people exchange their tools for better and give old away (e.g children to their parents). The technology is not  too expensive any more generally, I think, except for school  unfortunately. We don’t have gender disparity using new technologies, too.
Maybe there is an age disparity because elder people don’t sometimes know how to use computer or internet and they are slow. But they can learn it, we have courses to them and usually free. Another question is do they remember all they need. For example my mother has a computer, too, and uses it, but she is slow and forgets sometimes something.
About education: I am not sure there is a digital divide. Using internet and technologies does not depend on education – even little children can do it.
As regards rural vs urban divide maybe there can be little bit and the situation is worse at countryside.

Analyse and describe (in your blog) Internet availability in your country. How big is the availability difference for urban and rural regions? Do you consider this a problem?

In Estonia internet is available almost everywhere. Internet is like human right, we are joking among trainers of Tiger’s Leap foundation. But if there are too many internet users, internet may go away. As we have so-called Internet stick there are no any problems.

ELNM Topic 6: Rid the Fools of Their Money: The Online World of Crime and Fraud

Rid the Fools of Their Money: The Online World of Crime and Fraud

  • Write a blog description of an Internet fraud (scam) scheme.

While the Net is a wide marketing and trade channel, people can commit many Internet frauds. The largest online frauds are the auction-type scams, which are known in Estonia, too. In that case you pay for goods but not get them. Usually you have offered goods with very favourable prices and asked for payment in advance. Fraudsters practice spamming or order “mass marketing”.

A largest kind of fraud is the credit card frauds. Fraudsters obtain credit card information useing various malware like Trojan horses and keyloggers. Then the information is used to purchase goods over the Net. There are more ways to fraud like stealing of credit cards, intrusion to companies’ databases, stealing computers containing valuable data and many kinds of social engineering. By stealing credit card you may thieve a person‘s identity. Usually fraudsters use stolen credit card data to pay for the goods if merchants accept credit cards. But later merchants lose his/her money, because of fraud.

I think in Estonia there are no money/banking frauds like in U.S, because we don’t use cheques. And I have not heared about car scams and dating scams, too.

  • Review the scambaiting websites mentioned above. Analyse them from an ethical point of view.

As far as I understood the website WhatsTheBloodyPoint is good due it‘s explanation about scam and scammer. But it’s goal is little bit incomprehensible to me. The website Scam-O-Rama is too difficult to me to understand, because it is telling about Nigeria.

ELNM Topic 4: Censors in Cyberspace

To Do

  • Pick a blocking software package from the list above. Install it to a PC and test it by browsing the web. Try some of the supposed ‘forbidden’ sites as well as some controversial issues (feminism, disabilities, minorities, various political movements and organisations). Blog your experiences.

As I remember we agreed in our chat that who didn’t do this task on time do not have to do this not at all beacause the most of suggested popular blocking software does not work very well. So I did not install any of this.

Below is a list of some most popular blocking software:

  • Bess (N2H2)
  • CyberSitter (Solid Oak Software)
  • CyberPatrol (SurfControl – the market leader in the US)
  • Net Nanny (Net Nanny Software)
  • NetRated (PC DataPower)
  • Smartfilter (Secure Computing Corporation)
  • Surfwatch (SurfControl)
  • I-Gear (Symantec)
  • Websense (Websense)
  • X-Stop (f8e6 Technologies)

ELNM Topic 3: The Networked World

To Do

  • Write a short opinion in your blog about the real applicability of nonmarket production and related strategies in your main field of activities (e.g. design, education etc)

Our world is networked and this is very good. All possible information is available to all and based on this we can create new information and other stuff. E.g in my main field of activities as Estonian language and literature teacher we can create more good and complete materials and learning resources. This does not apply only to teachers but to involvement students. Very good example is the competition “Kirjadusraal” (http://koolielu.ee/info/readnews/193599/osale-opilaskonkursil-%E2%80%9Ekirjandusraal-2013%E2%80%9C) Theme Entries school students: at least one writer to compare the two works, each bringing out the key themes and character problems, and to analyze more thoroughly the joys and sorrows of adolescence. Entries topics high school students: compare the relationship between human society and the author of two works on the basis of one book from each author. Past examples: http://www.reimuskaru.tk/, http://kirjandusraal2012.weebly.com/, http://luikhirv.weebly.com/index.html.

ELNM Topic 2: Towards the Information Society

To Do

  • Study Theobald’s question of ‘mind-quake’, find a real-life example and describe it.
  • Pick one of Handy’s paradoxes, find a good real-life illustrative case and describe it.
  • Pick one of Castells’ features of network society and write a short analysis.

Study Theobald’s question of ‘mind-quake’, find a real-life example and describe it.

Maybe I did not understand the task properly but I think the example could be the new technology like iPhone and iPad wich my son is teaching to me. I have to construct new skills, I can’t act like before.

Pick one of Handy’s paradoxes, find a good real-life illustrative case and describe it.

The paradox of time. The application of modern technology means less time is needed to make and do things. People should have more spare time. But time has become a competitive weapon and getting things done quickly is imperative. As a result, many of those who work have less time than ever before.

I have personally leaned that the application of modern technology causes less time than before. Maybe it is because every time I am looking for material to teach I found many interesting things and I want to read these, too. One thing or text or idea leads to another.

Pick one of Castells’ features of network society and write a short analysis.

I picked changes in work and employment.

In the information society we don’t have to work nine to five in a certain room anymore, and do not need to labor regulations. Since we are using computers and the Internet we can do the work at the appropriate time and the appropriate intensity, it is possible to do virtual testing, assumptions, all kinds of challenges to play through. Also, data can be collected and processed in various ways, do not have to go to any place, things can do far, things can be executed remotely.

A source of stress may become web problems, loss of data, work intensity and complexity, the lack of programs can lead to dissatisfaction.

Networking gets people to apply for part-time and telework, can participate in people with mobility disabilitys.

ELNM Topic 1: Ethics in Turbulent Times

To Do

Pick an ethical theory from above and write (to your blog) a short example both for and against its main points (preferrably in the context of new media / IT / information society).

I picked a divine command theory and took for example the Ten Commandments. Religious people follow the Bible and say what there is a recorded is true. They think that is the right to serve only one God, and sanctify Sunday. They are convinced that they must not blaspheming god, kill, steal, commit adultery.

On the one hand it is good and right, because doing so apparently there is no contradiction in the laws: eg if someone does not steal nobody‘s program, he did not break the copyright law.

On the other hand some commandments are preventing: eg if a person celebrates on Sunday and he will rest on Sunday, he can not finish some important work on time.