Archive | oktoober 2012

Õpikeskkonnad ja õpivõrgustikud: sotsiaalne meedia õpikeskkonna osana

Seekordne kodutöö käsitleb sotsiaalset meediat õpikeskkonna osana.

Tänapäeva koolis kasutatakse õppetöös üha rohkem sotsiaalse meedia vahendeid, sest nende võimalused laienevad järjest ja neid osatakse paremini ära kasutada. On küll kinniseid keskkondi, kuid palju tegutsetakse just avatud keskkondades, sest “avatud keskkond pakub paindlikku ja individuaalset lähenemist õpitegevustele ja õpikeskkonnale, kus õppija/õpetaja saab valida, millise vahendi abil oma järgmist tegevust teostada” (Väljataga, Pata & Priidik 2009, lk 15). Veel on hajutatud ülesehitusega keskkondade suur pluss see, et osa materjalist saab jätta vajaduse korral suletuks.

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ELNM Topic 8: Ubiquitous Computing

To Do

Write a blogged opinion:

  • For Estonians: compare the current situation in Estonia to the four scenarios of “Estonia 2010”. Which one is the closest to the reality?
  • How important do you deem the social cohesiveness (or caring) in reaching ubicomp?

A development programme “Estonia 2010” was initiated in Estonia to predict and analyse future trends.The four possible scenarios proposed were

  • “Militaristic information oasis” – “little angry country” with good technological progress but little openness and overall freedom. “Military Estonia”.
  • “South Finland” – soft-spoken, well integrated into Europe (and decisively distanced from Russia), but with low innovation capacity. “Subcontractor Estonia”.
  • “The Ferryman” – well-developed, but fully transit-based economy. Innovation and ICT are only to serve the main goal and thus of inferior importance. “Merchant Estonia”, which is quite alike to the ‘Singapore’ scenario of Himanen seen in a previous lecture.
  • “Grand Slam” – the best realisation of both geographical location (transit) and innovative and educational potential. “Innovation/ICT Estonia”.

In my opinion it’s clare that current situation in Estonia does not meet the first and third point. But I a’m afraid that closest to the reality is the “South Finland” – the low-growth scenario, which entails the Nordic countries, similar to the societies of ideology. The reason idakaubanduse and relations of the absence or low level, consequence of the inability of traditional industries and agriculture goods get rid of the co-feature of high unemployment and social problems increase. This scenario means for Estonia, the relatively low-tech and low added-value sectors of the economy, hence the poor by standard of living. At the same time it needs to engage in a much more low-growth conditions, social equalization and regional problems leveling. Residents need to have a satisfactory standard of living, the effort, the more work it is therefore self-development and co-operation in collecting social capital. Maybe it leads Estonia to “Grand Slam” scenario.
I think the social cohesiveness (or caring) in reaching ubicomp is very important.

ELNM Topic 7: The Digital Divide

To Do

  • Investigate and describe (in your blog) an illustrative case of digital divide in your country
  • Analyse and describe (in your blog) Internet availability in your country. How big is the availability difference for urban and rural regions? Do you consider this a problem?

Investigate and describe (in your blog) an illustrative case of digital divide in your country

I think in Estonia there are not digital divides very much. If somebody wants to use digital services and new technologies he/she can do it. We have quite good physical access to internet because most of people have computer or opportunity to use it: richer people exchange their tools for better and give old away (e.g children to their parents). The technology is not  too expensive any more generally, I think, except for school  unfortunately. We don’t have gender disparity using new technologies, too.
Maybe there is an age disparity because elder people don’t sometimes know how to use computer or internet and they are slow. But they can learn it, we have courses to them and usually free. Another question is do they remember all they need. For example my mother has a computer, too, and uses it, but she is slow and forgets sometimes something.
About education: I am not sure there is a digital divide. Using internet and technologies does not depend on education – even little children can do it.
As regards rural vs urban divide maybe there can be little bit and the situation is worse at countryside.

Analyse and describe (in your blog) Internet availability in your country. How big is the availability difference for urban and rural regions? Do you consider this a problem?

In Estonia internet is available almost everywhere. Internet is like human right, we are joking among trainers of Tiger’s Leap foundation. But if there are too many internet users, internet may go away. As we have so-called Internet stick there are no any problems.

Haridustehnoloogiline nõustamine: haridustehnoloogia vajalikkusest ja selle võimaluste rakendamisest õppetöös

Usutavasti ei kahtle enam keegi haridustehnoloogia vajalikkuses. Tehnoloogia areneb tohutu kiirusega ja on selge, et ilma selleta ei saa läbi ka hariduses. Üks külg on see, et õpetajal endal pole mõtet enam vanaviisi läbi ajada (ei kujuta ju ette, et peaksime ainult paberi ja pliiatsiga töötama), vaid tuleb oma töö tõhustamiseks kasutada tänapäevaseid võimalusi. Teisest küljest haaravad ka õpilased uut tehnoloogiat lennult ning tahavad seda kasutada. Nii et pole põhjust sellele vastu seista.

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ELNM Topic 6: Rid the Fools of Their Money: The Online World of Crime and Fraud

Rid the Fools of Their Money: The Online World of Crime and Fraud

  • Write a blog description of an Internet fraud (scam) scheme.

While the Net is a wide marketing and trade channel, people can commit many Internet frauds. The largest online frauds are the auction-type scams, which are known in Estonia, too. In that case you pay for goods but not get them. Usually you have offered goods with very favourable prices and asked for payment in advance. Fraudsters practice spamming or order “mass marketing”.

A largest kind of fraud is the credit card frauds. Fraudsters obtain credit card information useing various malware like Trojan horses and keyloggers. Then the information is used to purchase goods over the Net. There are more ways to fraud like stealing of credit cards, intrusion to companies’ databases, stealing computers containing valuable data and many kinds of social engineering. By stealing credit card you may thieve a person‘s identity. Usually fraudsters use stolen credit card data to pay for the goods if merchants accept credit cards. But later merchants lose his/her money, because of fraud.

I think in Estonia there are no money/banking frauds like in U.S, because we don’t use cheques. And I have not heared about car scams and dating scams, too.

  • Review the scambaiting websites mentioned above. Analyse them from an ethical point of view.

As far as I understood the website WhatsTheBloodyPoint is good due it‘s explanation about scam and scammer. But it’s goal is little bit incomprehensible to me. The website Scam-O-Rama is too difficult to me to understand, because it is telling about Nigeria.